剑桥雅思18Test4Passage3阅读答案解析 Alfred Wegener

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage3阅读答案解析 Alfred Wegener: science, exploration, and the theory of continental drift 阿尔弗雷德·韦格纳

剑桥雅思18阅读第四套题目第三篇文章的14道题由4道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断,6道选词填空和4道单项选择组成。题目设置虽然一般,但因为文章本身有些抽象,做起来并不是很顺畅。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage3阅读原文翻译 Alfred Wegener: science, exploration, and the theory of continental drift 阿尔弗雷德·韦格纳

剑桥雅思18 Test4 Passage3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:YES

对应原文:第1段:His book on the subject, The Origin of Continents and Oceans … was the focus of an international controversy in his lifetime and for some years after his death.

答案解析:原文提到,韦格纳的著作《大陆和海洋的起源》在他有生之年和他去世后的几年里一直都是国际争议的焦点。题干中continental drift对应其书籍内容,widely对应international,disputed对应controversy,alive对应lifetime,即题干所有信息点在原文中都能找到依据,因此判断答案为YES。

第28题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:Wegener’s basic idea was that many mysteries about the Earth’s history could be solved if one supposed that the continents moved laterally, rather than supposing that they remained fixed in place.

答案解析:原文第2段确实提到大陆是固定的这一说法。但题干中a number of respected scientific publications则找不到对应,属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第29题答案:NO

对应原文:第2段:Wegener … using evidence from a large number of sciences including geology, geophysics, paleontology, and climatology.

答案解析:同样是第2段提到,韦格纳运用来自地质学、地球物理学、古生物学和气候学等多个科学领域的证据来支持这一理论。题干中a limited range of的说法与原文中a large number of冲突,因此判断答案为NO。

第30题答案:NO

对应原文:第2段:Plate tectonics is in many respects quite different from Wegener’s proposal

答案解析:原文提到,板块构造学在很多方面与韦格纳的理论存在较大差异。题干中the smiliarties … are enormous的说法与原文中quite different冲突,因此判断答案为NO。

第31题答案:I

对应原文:第3段:one of the most intriguing things about him for me was that, this article is from website, although he came up with a theory on continental drift, he was not a geologist.

答案解析:原文提到,最让我着迷的一点在于,尽管他提出了大陆漂移理论,但他并不是一名地质学家。根据句子结构与同义替换,空上缺失的应该是for me这一部分,而考虑到文章作者是一名传记作家,因此确定I为正确答案。

第32题答案:F

对应原文:第3段:He trained as an astronomer and pursued a career in atmospheric physics.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据atmospheric physics定位到这句话,由句子结构可以推测出空上填的应该是career对应的部分,F选项中professional能够与career同义替换,因此确定其为正确答案。

第33题答案:A

对应原文:第3段:When he proposed the theory of continental displacements in 1912, he was a lecturer in physics and astronomy at the University of Marburg, in southern Germany. However, he was not an ‘unknown’.

答案解析:根据1912定位到第3段的这两句话,从原文可以看出,在1912年,韦格纳已经是马尔堡大学的物理学和天文学讲师,而且不是无名之辈。单从句子内容而言,我们在空上既可以填其老师的身份,也可以填其名声,但选项中只能找到not unknown的对应,由此确定A为正确答案。

第34题答案:C

对应原文:第3段:In 1906 he had set a world record (with his brother Kurt) for time aloft in a hot-air balloon: 52 hours.

答案解析:根据six years previously和52 hours定位到这句话,对比题干和原文可以推测出空上缺失的应该是world record这一内容,选项C正好可以与其同义替换,因此确定它为正确答案。

第35题答案:H

对应原文:第3段:Between 1906 and 1908 he had taken part in a highly publicized and extremely dangerous expedition to the coast of northeast Greenland.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,题干well-publicised对应highly publicized,根据并列关系锁定extremly dangerous expedition。选项H中hazardous与dangerous同义替换,exploration与expedition同义替换,因此确定它为正确答案。

第36题答案:E

对应原文:第3段:He had also made a name for himself amongst a small circle of meteorologists and atmospheric physicists in Germany as the author of a textbook, Thermodynamics of the Atmosphere (1911).

答案解析:根据thermodynamics定位到第3段的这句话,题干中German scientists对应meteorologists and atmospheric physicists in Germany,由修饰关系锁定a small circle of,再根据同义替换确定E为正确答案。

第37题答案:B

对应原文:第5段:My own feeling, however, is that the parts do not make as much sense on their own as do all of his activities taken together.

答案解析:第5段靠后位置提到,“然而,我个人的感觉是,单独阅读这些部分可能没有将其全部活动整合在一起有意思”。即解释了为什么推荐读者阅读全书而不是单独某些章节,因此确定B为正确答案。A选项和D选项在第5段中找不到对应,而C选项则错在why(这一段并没有解释韦格纳不断更换研究领域的原因),因此统统排除。

第38题答案:A

对应原文:第6段:He was not active (with a few exceptions) in scientific societies, and did not seek to find influence or advance his ideas through professional contacts and politics

答案解析:第6段中间提到,“他并没有积极参与科学学会(存在少数例外),也不通过职业联系和政治手段寻求影响力或推广自己的观点”。这些内容都可以对应A选项中not a particularly ambitious person,因此确定其为正确答案。B选项和D选项与原文描述相反,而C选项在第6段中则找不到对应,因此统统排除。

第39题答案:D

对应原文:第7段:The more such material a scientist leaves behind, the better chance a biographer has of forming an accurate picture of how a scientist’s ideas took shape and evolved.

答案解析:原文第7段举了牛顿、达尔文、爱因斯坦和法拉第的故事,想要说明科学家留下的材料越多,传记作者就越能描绘出准确的画像。而我们从第6段可以看出,韦格纳留下的材料很少。也就是说他的写作难度要比其他科学家更大,因此确定D为正确答案。

第40题答案:C

对应原文:第8段:I am firmly of the opinion that most of us, Wegener included, are not in any real sense the authors of our own lives.

答案解析:第8段开头就提到,我们大多数人,包括韦格纳在内,实际上并不完全是自己人生的主宰。随后又指出韦格纳想做的事情和实际发生在他身上的事情并不一致。即人们对自己生活的许多方面都缺乏控制,因此确定C为正确答案。

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Green roofs 绿色屋顶

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth mindset 成长心态

管理员
We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply