剑桥雅思18Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Stonehenge 巨石阵

剑桥雅思18Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Stonehenge 巨石阵

剑桥雅思18阅读第二套题目第一篇文章的13道题由8道笔记填空和5道判断组成。其中一些题目缺乏明显的定位词,需要通读段落才能找到对应位置,再加上文章比较长,可能会消耗一定的时间。大家在做题的时候注意效率。

剑桥雅思18Test2Passage1阅读原文翻译 Stonehenge 巨石阵

剑桥雅思18 Test2 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:(deer) antlers

对应原文:第2段:First, Neolithic Britons used primitive tools, which may have been fashioned out of deer antlers, to dig a massive circular ditch and bank, or henge.

答案解析:根据小标题stage 1, ditch, 和henge定位到第2段的这句话。题干问的是“工具是由什么制成的”,made from与fashioned out of同义替换,根据修饰关系确定deer antlers为正确答案。

第2题答案:(timber) posts

对应原文:第2段:Deep pits dating back to that era and located within the circle may have once held a ring of timber posts, according to some scholars.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据deep pits定位到这句话。题目采用语序颠倒的手法,将原文句子由主动变为被动,动词arrange对应held,由动作对象确定答案为timber posts。

第3题答案:tree trunks

对应原文:第4段:According to one long-standing theory among archaeologists, this article is from website, Stonehenge’s builders fashioned sledges and rollers out of tree trunks to lug the bluestones from the Preseli Hills.

答案解析:有关石料运输的内容主要集中在第4段和第5段。缩小范围之后,我们再根据archaeologitst定位到这句话。空前词used与原文中out of同义替换,由此确定答案为tree trunks。

第4题答案:oxen

对应原文:第4段:More recent archaeological hypotheses have them transporting the bluestones with supersized wicker baskets on a combination of ball bearings and long grooved planks, hauled by oxen.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据baskets定位到第4段的这句话。空后词pulled与原文中hauled同义替换,由此锁定答案为oxen。

第5题答案:glaciers

对应原文:第5段:some scientists have suggested that it was glaciers, not humans, that carried the bluestones to Salisbury plain.

答案解析:根据geological定位到第5段。这道题比较麻烦的地方在于没有明显的定位词,只能通读全段,发现be brought by与carried对应,由此确定答案为glaciers。

第6题答案:druids

对应原文:第7段:In the 17th century, archaeologist John Aubrey made the claim that Stonehenge was the work of druids

答案解析:根据17th century定位到第7段的这句话。题干问的是“巨石阵的修建者是谁?”,恰好对应原文中the work of druids这个短语,由此确定答案为druids。

第7题答案:burial

对应原文:第9段:While there is consensus among the majority of modern scholars that Stonehenge once served the function of burial ground

答案解析:根据小标题purpose定位到第9段。空前词used as与served the function of对应,根据修饰关系,确定单位burial。

第8题答案:calendar

对应原文:第10段:In the 1960s, the astronomer Gerald Hawkins suggested that the cluster of megalithic stones operated as a form of calendar

答案解析:根据1960s定位到第10段的这句话。空前词a kind of与a form of同义替换,由此确定单位calendar。

第9题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第6段:At this point, sandstone slabs were arranged into an outer crescent or ring; some were assembled into the iconic three-pieced structures called trilithons that stand tall in the centre of Stonehenge.

答案解析:根据the third phase of construction定位到第6段。sandstone slabs在原文中原词出现,outer areas对应an outer crescent or ring, the middle对应the center,即题干中所有的关键信息点在原文中都能找到依据,因此判断答案为TRUE。

第10题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第6段:Radiocarbon dating has revealed that work continued at Stonehenge until roughly 1600 BCE, with the bluestones in particular being repositioned multiple times.

答案解析:根据1600 BCE定位到第6段的这句话。题干中in the same spot的说法与原文中being repositioned multiple times的描述相冲突,因此判断答案为FALSE。

第11题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第7段:However, in the mid-20th century, radiocarbon dating demonstrated that Stonehenge stood more than 1,000 years before the Celts inhabited the region.

答案解析:根据John Aubrey这一人名定位到第7段,再根据20th century定位到这一段的最后一句话。原文说的是“放射性碳测定显示巨石阵存在的时间要比凯尔特人在该地区定居的时间早1000多年”。也就是说巨石阵不可能是凯尔特人德鲁伊所完成的,即科学研究推翻了John Aubrey的观点,而非支持,由此确定答案为FALSE。

第12题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第8段:several distinct tribes of people contributed to Stonehenge, each undertaking a different phase of its construction. Bones, tools and other artefacts found on the site seem to support this hypothesis.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,自然而然的来到第8段。题干中objects对应bones, tools and other artefacts, discovered对应found,indicate对应support,constructed对应contributed,a number of对应several,different对应distinct,groups对应tribe,即所有主要信息点都能在原文中找到依据,因此确定答案为TRUE。

第13题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第10段:critics maintain that Stonehenge’s builders probably lacked the knowledge necessary to predict such events or that England’s dense cloud cover would have obscured their view of the skies.

答案解析:根据Gerald Hawkins这一人名定位到第10段,再根据criticism定位到这句话。原文中没有任何话语提到批评者的身份。题干中mainly from other astronomers的说法属于无中生有,因此确定答案为NOT GIVEN。

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