剑桥雅思18Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth mindset

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth mindset 成长心态

剑桥雅思18阅读第四套题目第二篇文章的13道题由3道单项选择,6道人名观点匹配,和4道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断组成。因为题目采用了大量比较灵活的同义替换,需要大家对原文有较为深刻的理解,整体难度偏大。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage2阅读原文翻译 The growth mindset 成长心态

剑桥雅思18 Test4 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:B

对应原文:第1段:Then, in the early 20th century, progressive thinkers revolted against the notion that inherent ability is destiny. Instead, educators such as John Dewey argued that every child’s intelligence could be developed.

答案解析:第1段最后一句提到,20世纪早起,进步思想家开始反对能力与生俱来的命定论,而是认为每个孩子的智力都可以成长。B选项ideas about the nature of intelligence began to shift对应这一观念的变化,而when则对应early 20th century,因此确定其为正确答案。

第15题答案:C

对应原文:第2段:speeches on the mindset of great sporting heroes who simply believed their way to the top … coaxing students away from seeing failure as an indication of their ability, and towards seeing it as a chance to improve that ability.

答案解析:第2段中间提到,在学校中,我们能够听到很多有关伟大体育英雄心态的演讲。他们仅仅凭借信念就达到了顶峰。下文又说到,让学生把失败看作是提升的机会,即鼓励学生要相信自己,因此确定C为正确答案。

第16题答案:D

对应原文:第3段:the former took on only those tasks that would not risk their sense of worth …  this ‘fixed mindset’ had led them to fear of failure and lack of effort.

答案解析:根据原文,固定心态的学生只接受那些不会对自己的价值感产生影响的任务,害怕失败,缺乏努力。D选项对此进行了较大幅度的同义替换,将害怕失败转化为不敢突破自己的极限。与此同时,其他选项在原文中都找不到合适的对应,因此确定D为正确答案。

第17题答案:C

对应原文:第5段:The statistician Andrew Gelman claims that ‘their research designs have enough degrees of freedom that they could take their data to support just about any theory at all’.

答案解析:统计学家安德鲁·吉尔曼(Andrew Gelman)声称:“他们的研究设计具有足够的自由度,以至于他们可以用数据支持几乎任何理论。”其中have enough degrees of freedom对应题干中的not strict enough,research designs对应methodology,由此确定C为正确答案。

第18题答案:B

对应原文:第6段:Dweck … In fact, she argues that her work has been misunderstood and misapplied in a range of ways.

答案解析:德韦克认为自己的研究在很多方面被误解和错误应用。其中her work对应the idea of growth mindset,misunderstood对应incorrectly interpreted,由此确定B为正确答案。

第19题答案:A

对应原文:第1段:The concept of intelligence as something innate … Psychologist Alfred Binet was one of many 19th-century scientists who held that earlier view

答案解析:文章一开始提到,早期人们认为智力是天生的。心理学家阿尔弗雷德·比奈和19世纪许多科学家一样坚持这一观点。其中intelligence对应题干中的intellectual ability,unchangeable feature对应innate,由此确定A为正确答案。

第20题答案:E

对应原文:第7段:Growth mindset supporters David Yeager and Gregory Walton … say that if adolescents perceive a teacher’s intervention as conveying that they are in need of help, this could undo its intended effects.

答案解析:第7段最后提到,成长心态的支持者大卫·耶格和格雷戈里·沃尔顿认为,如果青少年将老师的干预看作是他们需要帮助,这可能会适得其反,削弱干预的预期效果。即成长心态的干预措施要在学生意识不到的情况下进行。由此确定E为正确答案。

第21题答案:B

对应原文:第6段:She (Dweck) has also expressed concerns that her theories are being misappropriated in schools by being conflated with the self-esteem movement. This article is from website. It’s not just a vehicle for making children feel good.

答案解析:德韦克认为,学校将其理论与自尊运动将混淆。该理论绝不仅仅是为了让孩子感觉良好。其中not simply对应not just,boosting students’ morale对应making children feel good,因此确定B为正确答案。

第22题答案:D

对应原文:第5段: Professor of Psychology Timothy Bates … notes that:’People with a growth mindset don’t cope any better with failure … Kids with the growth mindset aren’t getting better grades, either before or after our intervention study.’

答案解析:心理学教授蒂莫西·贝茨指出,孩子无论是在成长心态干预前还是干预后,成绩都没有变得更好。即成长心态对学习成绩没有什么影响,对应题干中的has no effect on academic achievement,由此确定D为正确答案。

第23题答案:YES

对应原文:第6段:Much of this criticism is not lost on Dweck, and she deserves great credit for responding to it and adapting her work accordingly.

答案解析:作者在第6段开头提到,德韦克对这些批评并没有视而不见,她对批评的回应和对自己工作的调整值得称赞。题干中handled对应responding和adapting,admirable对应deserves great credit,其他基本为原词,即所有主要信息点在原文中都能找到依据,因此判断答案为YES。

第24题答案:NO

对应原文:第8段:there is evidence to suggest that the actual effect of achievement on self-perception is stronger than the other way round.

答案解析:原文提到,实际成就对自我认知的影响要比反过来强烈得多。题干将这一对比关系颠倒了过来,因此判断答案为NO。

第25题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文并没有提到媒体报道的问题,题干属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第26题答案:YES

对应原文:第9段:It is hard to dispute that having faith in the capacity to change is a good attribute for students. Paradoxically, however, that aspiration is not well served by direct interventions that try to instill it.

答案解析:原文第9段提到,不可否认的是,对于学生来说,相信自己能够改变是一个好的品质。然而,矛盾的是,直接试图灌输这种愿望的干预措施并没有取得良好的效果。题干中deliberate attempts对应direct interventions,high achievement对应the capacity to change,而have a negative effect则对应not well served,即题干中所有信息点在原文中都能找到依据,由此判断答案为YES。

剑桥雅思18Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Green roofs 绿色屋顶

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