剑桥雅思18Test3Passage2阅读答案解析 The steam car

剑桥雅思18Test3Passage2阅读答案解析 The steam car 蒸汽汽车

剑桥雅思18阅读第三套题目第二篇文章的13道题由7道段落标题匹配,3道单项选择和3道总结型填空组成。虽然题型看着很吓人,但难度还可以接受,没有故意设置一些障碍,希望大家都能保持一个不错的正确率。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析,以供大家参考。

剑桥雅思18Test3Passage2阅读原文翻译 The steam Car 蒸汽汽车

剑桥雅思18 Test3 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:iii

对应原文:A段:But these early cars inherited steam’s weaknesses along with its strengths.

答案解析:A段中间提到,汽车的发动机继承了蒸汽机的优点和缺点。iii选项中good对应strengths,bad aspects对应weakness,passed on对应inherited,因此确定其为正确答案。

第15题答案:viii

对应原文:B段:A new technology called the Internal Combustion Engine soon appeared … over the following few years steam power was gradually phased out.

答案解析:B段提到,一种叫做内燃机的技术很快出现。在通用汽车解决打火的问题之后,蒸汽发动机逐渐被淘汰。viii选项中option对应new technology,better对应内燃机取代蒸汽机的过程,因此确定其为正确答案。

第16题答案:vi

对应原文:C段: Its high-pressure steam drove the engine pistons in virtual silence, in contrast to clattering gas engines which emitted the aroma of burned hydrocarbons. Perhaps most impressively, the Model B was amazingly swift. It could accelerate from zero to sixty miles per hour in just fifteen seconds, a feat described as ‘remarkable acceleration’ by Automobile magazine in 1914.

答案解析:C段最后提到了多布尔兄弟所开发的B型车的优点:安静,没有燃烧后的异味,并且速度很快。1914年的汽车杂志对此给予了很高的评价。vi选项中,positive publicity对应杂志内容,quiet对应silence,clean对应aroma of burned hydrocarbons,fast对应swift,因此确定其为正确答案。

第17题答案:v

对应原文:D段:By the following April, the General Engineering Company had received 5,390 deposits for Doble Detroits, this article is from website, which were scheduled for delivery in early 1918.

答案解析:D段前半部分描述了多布尔兄弟所做的提升,最后又提到他们所开创的公司在4月份收到5390份订单。v选项的内容与此完全对应,由此判断其为正确答案。

第18题答案:vii

对应原文:E段:Those buyers who received the handful of completed cars complained that the vehicles were sluggish and erratic, sometimes going in reverse when they should go forward.

答案解析:E段主要描述了消费者对新车的失望,包括行驶缓慢,不稳定,操作失灵等。vii选项中customers对应buyers,disappointing outcome对应具体的抱怨内容,因此确定其为正确答案。

第19题答案:i

对应原文:F段:After sitting overnight in freezing temperatures, the car was pushed out into the road and left to sit for over an hour in the frosty morning air.

答案解析:F段提到,多布尔兄弟的新车在被测试之前,先是在寒冷的环境中放了一晚,然后又在清冷的早上放了一个小时。i选项a perioed对应overnight和over an hour,cold conditions对应freezing temperatures和frosty morning air,assessed对应前一句话中的road-tested,因此判断其为正确答案。

第20题答案:iv

对应原文:G段:Under the current pressure to improve automotive performance and reduce emissions, it is not unthinkable that the steam car may rise again.

答案解析:G段最后一句提到,在当前提升汽车性能和减少排放的压力下,蒸汽汽车再次崛起并非不可想象。iv选项中a possible solution对应the steam car may rise again,issues对应improve automotive performance and reduce emissions,today对应current,因此确定其为正确答案。

第21题答案:A

对应原文:B段:But the glory days of steam cars were few.

答案解析:B段开头主题句就提到,蒸汽汽车的辉煌十分短暂。随后介绍了内燃机如何取代蒸汽汽车。A选项success对应glory,short-lived对应few,因此确定其为正确答案。选项B,C,D在原文中都找不到对应,因此统统排除。

第22题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Though it did not run well, the Doble brothers went on to build a second and third prototype in the following years … it drew the attention of automobile trade magazines

答案解析:C段提到,多布尔兄弟在随后几年里又生产了第二和第三个型号。而第三型号最终收获汽车贸易杂志的关注。也就是说,他们在此过程中进行了多次尝试,因此确定C为正确答案。A选项与原文中parts taken from a wrecked early steam car这一说法冲突,而B选项和D选项则完全找不到对应,因此通通排除。

第23题答案:B

对应原文:D段:The following year Abner Doble drove the Model B from Massachusetts to Detroit in order to seek investment in his automobile design, which he used to open the General Engineering Company. He and his brothers immediately began working on the Model C

答案解析:原文提到,多布尔兄弟前往底特律寻找投资,开设工厂,并着手开发Model C。B选项raised financial capital对应seek investment,而且前面还有in order to对应题干,因此确定其为正确答案。A选项在文章中虽然也有对应( from Massachusetts to Detroit),但并不符合题干中in order to的限定,因此排除。

第24题答案:speed

对应原文:F段:As the new Doble steamer was further developed and tested, its maximum speed was pushed to over a hundred miles per hour, and it achieved about fifteen miles per gallon of kerosene with negligible emissions.

答案解析:根据题干前面的内容与emissions定位到F段的最后一句话,从题干可以推测出空上应该填一个名词,空前词raised在原文中勉强跟maximum对应,而且我们又找不到其他填上去语义合适的词汇,因此锁定speed为正确答案。

第25题答案:50

对应原文:G段:By the time the company folded in 1931, fewer than fifty of the amazing Model E steam cars had been produced.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,自然来到G段。空前词under与fewer同义替换,由修饰关系确定答案为50。

第26题答案:strict

对应原文:G段:Astonishingly, an unmodified Doble Model Eruns clean enough to pass the emissions laws in California today, and they are pretty strict.

答案解析:根据California定位到G段的这句话,从题干可以推测出空上应该填一个能够修饰emissions laws的单词。原文中they正好指代emissions laws,由此锁定strict。

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